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How to create content drawers on Wicket

BOOTSTRAP / WICKET / JAVA

In one of our projects, we needed to let the user navigate into a tree of hierachical entities. The Product Owner wanted to display this additional content without leaving the context of the root page. So, the designers decided to adopt the concept of visual drawers, as used by Spotify, wherein, as one navigates down the tree, the various panels stack up on each other.

Spotify interfaceSpotify interface

The project’s tech stack is based on Wicket and Bootstrap. This article presents a detailed overview of how we implemented this concept using these frameworks.

Front End Development

Building stacked modal panels in Bootstrap is made trivial by the adoption of the Bootstrap Modal library. All that’s left, from a front end standpoint, is to apply drawer-like styling and effects to those modals.

We won’t be showing the CSS code here, but the HTML element for each drawer just looks like this:

<div id="drawer1" class="stack modal hide fade">
   <div class="stack-content">
      ...
   </div>
</div>    

Here is the javascript code to display the drawer:

$('#drawer1').modaldrawer('show');

This is all very similar to the way we display modals in Bootstrap. The differences appear when we want to display a second drawer, wherein we must set the first one aside. The javascript code to show a second drawer is as follows:

$('#drawer2').modaldrawer('show');
$('#drawer1').addClass('hidden-drawer');

This is a fairly simple solution, although there are a few subtleties I’ll discuss later on.

Wicket…

To implement drawers in Wicket, we gave each page a component called DrawerManager, that basically controls the drawers currently visible on the page. The idea is for this component to manage the drawers in a stack, wherein the top drawer is the one currently on display. To work with the DrawerManager, each drawer must inherit from a base class called AbstractDrawer.

The API we came up with looks like this:

public void push(AbstractDrawer drawer, AjaxRequestTarget target);
public void pop(AbstractDrawer drawer, AjaxRequestTarget target);

The push method opens the drawer passed in as a parameter, and hides the one currently open, if any; the pop method removes all the drawers from the top of the stack down to and including the drawer passed in as a parameter. All of this is done via AJAX.

Actually, that was the first problem we encountered. How can we build a stack of panels that can be updated via AJAX?

Repeater/ListView

The most obvious solution, and the one typically used in the Wicket world, is to use a Repeater/ListView (or derivate thereof). Using a Repeater, the stack of AbstractDrawer’s would be passed as a model, and a WebMarkupContainer (container) would be created, with the Repeater inside. The markup would look something like this:

<div wicket:id="container">
   <div wicket:id="repeater"><!--REPEATER --></div>
</div>

The reason for the container is that Wicket can’t update a ListView via AJAX, which is why this is a problem to begin with. When Wicket updates the container, it will trigger the rendering of everything inside that container. In other words, every time we want to open a new drawer, Wicket will have to render all the drawers already open, as well as the new one; this can be almost as heavy as rendering the whole page anew.

The other way

The solution we adopted instead was to use a linked list data structure. We have an HTML element (in this case, a div) called ListItem, that has 2 members, Content and Next. Content holds the drawer itself, and Next has the next ListItem in the stack, or an EmptyPanel if there is no next item.

This way, it’s possible to add or remove items from the stack via AJAX, without having to update all the drawers, rendering only the top of the stack.

To implement this, our DrawerManager has to keep the stack of ListItem’s and a reference to the first ListItem:

public class DrawerManager extends Panel {
   private Deque<ListItem> drawers = new ArrayDeque<>();
   private ListItem first;
   public DrawerManager(String id){
      super(id);
      add(new EmptyPanel("next"));
   }
   ...
}

<wicket:panel>
  <div wicket:id="next" />
</wicket:panel>

ListItem looks like this:

public class ListItem extends Panel {
   private WebMarkupContainer content;
   private AbstractDrawer drawer;
   private ListItem next;
   private ListItem previous;
   private DrawerManager manager;
   
   public ListItem(String id, ...){
      super(id);
      content = new WebMarkupContainer("content");
      add(content);
      content.add(drawer);
      add(new EmptyPanel("next"));
      ...
   }
   public void add(ListItem item){
      next = item;
      addOrReplace(item);
      item.previous = this;
   }
   ...
}

<wicket:panel>
  <div class="stack modal hide fade" wicket:id="content">
    <div wicket:id="drawer" class="stack-content" />
  </div>
  <div wicket:id="next" />
<wicket:panel>

When we want to show a drawer, we call dm.push(new Drawer1(), target). This method is implemented like this:

  • ListItem is created with Content=drawer (by default, when a ListItem is created, it comes with an EmptyPanel in Next), and we add this new ListItem to the stack.
ListItem item = new ListItem("next", drawer, this);
drawers.push(item);
  • if there is no previous ListItem (i.e., First is null because we’re showing the first drawer), we’ll replace DrawerManager’s Next component with the new ListItem.
if(first==null){
   first = item;
   addOrReplace(first);
}
  • if there are drawers on the page already, we have to add the new ListItem at the Next of the ListItem on top of the stack.
else {
   ListItem iter = first;
   while(iter.next!=null) iter = iter.next;
   iter.add(item);
}
  • then, we update the DrawerManager’s contents via AJAX, causing only the new ListItem to be rendered.
target.add(item);

When we want to close a drawer (and all the ones above it on the stack), we call dm.eventPop(drawer1, target):

  • we’ll pop from the stack of ListItem’s, until we find the ListItem with drawer1 in it, and for each ListItem we poped, we call its “internalPop” method.
ListItem item = drawers.pop();
while(item.drawer!=drawer){
   internalPop(item, target);
   item = drawers.pop();
}
internalPop(item.target);
  • the internalPop method will update the references in the other drawers and replace their Next ListItems with an EmptyPanel.
MarkupContainer previous = null;
if(item.previous==null){
   first = null;
   previous = this;
} else {
   item.previous.next = null;
   previous = item.previous;
}
Panel panel = new EmptyPanel("next");
previous.addOrReplace(panel);
target.add(panel);

This way, we get a stack of drawers wherein we only render the one(s) we add or remove.

It should be noted that the removal of drawers is triggered via javascript, as the “hide-modal” event calls the eventPop method. I’ll discuss later how we handle that event.

Adding drawer effects with CSS+Javascript

Now that we’ve gotten Wicket to generate the required HTML to update drawers via AJAX, we need to get it to generate the required javascript to present the drawers with all the pretties.

To add effects when a drawer is added via AJAX, we need to add the following to the push method:

target.appendJavaScript("$('#"+item.item.getMarkupId()+"')
                         .modaldrawer('show');");
if(item.previous!=null){
   target.appendJavaScript("$('#"+item.previous.item
                           .getMarkupId()+"')
                           .removeClass('shown-modal');");
   target.appendJavaScript("$('#"+item.previous.item
                           .getMarkupId()+"')
                           .addClass('hidden-modal');");
}

This causes the added panel to be “transformed” into a drawer, and causes the previous one to become hidden.

We also need to ensure that, when the page is refreshed, the drawer divs are transformed into modals, as we have done in the push method. For that, when the DrawerManager is rendered, we have to walk the stack from the base to the top and apply the correct javascript. If the ListItem is on top of the stack, it must remain visible. Otherwise, it must be made a hidden drawer.

@Override
public void renderHead(IHeaderResponse response){
   super.renderHead(response);
   
   Iterator<ListItem> iter = drawers.descendingIterator();
   WebMarkupContainer drawer;
   while(iter.hasNext()){
      drawer = iter.next().item;
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
      String element = "$('#"+drawer.getMarkupId()+"')";
 
      sb.append(element+".modaldrawer('show');");
      
      if(drawers.getFirst().item.equals(drawer)){
         sb.append(element+".addClass('shown-modal');");
         sb.append(element+".removeClass('hidden-modal');");
      } else {
         sb.append(element+".removeClass('shown-modal');");
         sb.append(element+".addClass('hidden-modal');");
      }
      target.appendJavaScript(sb.toString());
   }
}

And finally the part about closing the drawers. When a modal is closed, the library fires the “hide-modal” event. From that event, an AJAX request must be made to remove the drawer. To do that, when a new ListItem is created, an event listener is added that catches the “hide-modal” event for the drawer in that ListItem.

Thus, in the ListItem’s constructor, we have this code:

content.add(new AjaxEventBehaviour("hide-modal"){
   @Override
   protected void onEvent(AjaxRequestTarget target){
      manager.eventPop(ListItem.this.drawer, target);
 
      String element = "$('#"+item.getMarkupId()+"')";
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
      sb.append(element+".unbind('hide-modal');");
      sb.append(element+".modaldrawer('hide');");
 
      target.appendJavaScript(sb.toString());
   }
}

This way, when the user attempts to close the drawer, the eventPop method will be called, and the drawer will be closed.

When that happens, we need to re-open the previous drawer, if there was one. For that, we alter the previously defined internalPop, to add the class “shown-modal” and remove the class “hidden-modal”:

String element = "$('#"+item.previous.item.getMarkupId()+"')";
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append(element+".addClass('shown-modal');");
sb.append(element+".removeClass('hidden-modal');");
target.appendJavaScript(sb.toString());

That’s all folks

After all of this, we are left with a drawer system, such as the one seen here: http://wicket-drawer.premium-minds.com/

Source code: https://github.com/ajcamilo/wicket-drawer-example

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